Although half of the world today is middle-class or wealthier, unsurprisingly, there are still many people from oppressed backgrounds, people in poverty, people with high educational fee, and people that have poor medical care. Fortunately, science, education, and technology are strong tools that are here to tackle these issues.

Developments in science and technology can make a phenomenal contribution to tackling poverty. In fact, science and technological developmental have already led to a wide range of developments such as boosting agricultural productivity, providing ways to generate energy cheaply, etc… For instance, “Green Revolution” was one of the attempts to alleviate poverty in recent history; a set of research technology transfer initiatives between the years 1950 – 1960s, which increased the agricultural production all around the globe, mostly in the developing world.

It is of no surprise today that “money” plays a crucially important role in the world, and thus in our lives. While money generally cannot be defined, due to dissimilarities between societies [such as communism, socialism, capitalism, etc.], it is not false to state that it is the tool that makes the world market function and a social instrument that help in coordinating social relations between individuals. However, the discussion of whether money is a good thing, or the opposite is a very controversial issue in the discourse of economics. According to a research done by the World Data Lab in 2018, the world population is divided into four groups; with 200 Million being rich, 3.59 Billion Middle Class, 3.16 Billion Vulnerable, and 630 Million Poor.

Bruce Tolentino, the Deputy Director-General of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) states, “One must look at the economic development histories of the countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, and specially Vietnam, India, China, and more recently, Combodia. Their relative success in reducing poverty is based on improvements in agricultural technology that were brought by the Green Revolution.”

Indeed, there have been a lot of attempts to tackle poverty through science and technological development; use of science and technology can be crucial in tackling poverty. According to a research done at the Brookings Institute in 2018, the estimated number of rich people by 2030 through the use of technological and science development will increase to 300 Million; while Middle Class will mark 5.3 Billion, Vulnerable 2.3 Billion and the Poor will mark 450 Million of the world’s population.

Another instance of a very effective technology transfer can be the Farmers Scientist Technology Program (FSTP) in the Philippines, that was managed by the entomologist, Romulo Davide at the University of Philippines. Under this government-funded scheme, a farmer was paired with a scientist that worked with him on the farm. Today, FSTP has hundreds of examples of farmers that have had a major change in terms of economic circumstances through the program.

Similar to the problem of poverty, other issues such as poor medical care, or high educational fee are not always a result of lacking sufficient resources, but a result of poor distribution of resources and the lack of social partnership. Today, science and technology are tools that run the world and in order to tackle world’s major issues through science and technological development, partnership in finding resources, solutions, and well distribution of resources is crucial.


Zhala Sarmast is a student, musician, athlete and researcher, born and raised in Kabul, Afghanistan. She currently pursues her undergraduate at Yale-NUS College. She loves to read and make music.

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